The children died before they were four years old. Another five children survived but are mentally challenged. Those children now receive monthly government stipends of about five dollars.
Neighbors had shamed Dan for fighting on the U.S. side.
Loan says that recognition eased their guilt.
"They said we had done bad things and my ancestors were evil and that's why my kids were born that way,"
Loan said. "Now we know we were affected by the Agent Orange poison."
Thirty-five years after the war, the scars of Agent Orange refuse to fade away. The Vietnamese say the diseases now extend well into a second generation.